An exposition is a piece of text that presents one side of an issue. The purpose of the exposition is to persuade the reader or listener by presenting one side of an argument, that is , the case or the case against. Exposition texts can be in the form of advertisements, spoken arguments, editorials.
B. Constructing of an Exposition
An exposition text usually has three sections namely; (1) An Introductory statement, (2) A series of arguments to convince the audience, (3) A conclusion summing up the arguments and reinforces the author’s point of view.
C. Language Features
Language features in analytical exposition text namely; (1) Using relational process, (2) Using internal conjunction, (3) Using causal conjunction, (4) Using Simple Present Tense.
Example : Television has tremendous influence on its viewer.
Television is the most popular form of entertainment in any household. But I think Television tends to have a tremendous influence on its viewers.
Firstly, based on the recent research, people of all ages use this medium to entertain themselves for an average of five hours a day. Of course, constant exposure of TV will influence the viewers’ thinking and attitude. This can be seen from the fact that many criminals are inspired from the scene on TV.
Secondly, people can be affected by constant watching television. This is due to the fact that they less in physical activities, spend less time reading and working and see a work of violence that can affect their own feelings of security.
Finally, commercial advertisement on TV can be a brain washing. Psychologically, constant show of advertisement will shape one’s image about one product. No wonder people are easier to remember the motto or slogan of one advertisement than to retrieve information that they have learned. In short, TV will be a kind of monster can conquer one’s mind and attitude.
According to Mark Anderson and Kathy Anderson (1997: 82) says that the explanation text type is often used to tell how and why thing (phenomena) occur in nature. Some examples of explanations are: How something occurs, why something happened, why things are a like or different, how to solve a problem, etc.
B. Generic structure
According to Mark Anderson and Kathy Anderson (1997: 82) features of an explanation consists of:
a. Constructing a written explanation (1) a general statements about the event or thing, (2) a series of paragraphs that tell the how’s or why’s, (3) a concluding paragraph.
b. Language features in an explanation text : (1) Technical language, (2) Words that show cause and effect, (3) Use of the timeless present tense.
2. Language Features of Analytical Exposition